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University of Wollongong Australia

Law: Search Term Connectors - Core & Advanced Skills

Search term connectors for legal databases - core skills
  WESTLAW LEXIS ADVANCE CCH INTELLICONNECT AGIS PLUS TEXT AUSTLII HEINONLINE LAWLEX PREMIUM
Find both terms in the same document
e.g. evidence AND admissibility
& (or a space) and AND AND and AND AND
Find either or both of the terms in the same document
e.g. brief OR evidence
or or OR OR or OR OR
To exclude a term from a search
e.g. evidence NOT briefs
% and not NOT NOT not NOT NOT
To find an exact phrase (phrase searching)
e.g. "legal rights"
" " " " " " " " " " " " " "
Find different endings (truncation searching)
e.g. educat*
(finds educate, educator, education, educating)
! ! (or *) * *
(substitutes an unlimited number of characters and can be placed anywhere in the word)
* * Not supported
Find terms with variable characters or spellings (wildcard searching)
e.g. wom?n
(finds women and woman)
* ?
(use one question mark per variable character)
? ?
(substututes a single character)
? ? Not supported

 

Use ( ) to search grouped clauses to form sub queries i.e. (watershed OR "water rights") AND planning will produce documents that contain either watershed or water rights and planning

 

See individual databases for a full list of search term connectors and search tips.
Search term connectors for legal databases - advanced skills
  WESTLAW LEXIS ADVANCE CCH INTELLICONNECT AGIS PLUS TEXT AUSTLII HEINONLINE LAWLEX PREMIUM
To find words within a defined distance of each other (proximity searching) Where n is a number Where n is a number Where n is a number Enter a space before and after the operator Where n is a number Where n is a number Not supported
Search terms within n terms of each other in any order /n
e.g. person /3 jurisdiction
/n
e.g. person /3 jurisdiction
w/n
e.g. person w/3 jurisdiction
%10
e.g. person %10 jurisdiction
w/n
e.g. person w/3 jurisdiction
~n
e.g. "watershed planning"~10
(search for watershed within 10 words of planning)
 
Search terms in the same sentence in any order /s /s w/sen        
Search terms in the same paragraph in any order /p /p w/par        
First term precedes the second by n terms +n
(or +s for sentence or +p for paragraph)
onear/n
(or pre/n)
f/n !n pre/n
(or near for within 50 words)
   

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