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University of Wollongong Australia

Referencing & Citing Guide: Journal Articles

This Referencing and Citing Guide provides referencing examples to act as guidelines for the UOW Harvard, AGLC, APA 6 and Footnoting (Oxford) referencing styles.

APA 6 - Journal Articles

Format In-Text Reference
Reference List

Article from a print journal

For a list of examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations for works with multiple authors please go to the Style Notes - Authors section of this guide.

For information on how and when to include issue and page numbers and DOI details please go to the Style Notes - Formats section of this guide

Further information can also be found in section 6.12 and table 6.12 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

"Apparent space and time vary in essentially the same manner when the spatial and temporal stimulus conditions are equivalent" (Day, 2006, p. 123).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Day (2006, p. 123) summarised the key facts on illusory phenomena as...


Day, R. (2006). Two principles of perception revealed by geometrical illusions. Australian Journal of Psychology, 58(3), 123-128.
Article from a print journal (no author)

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

It was found that "egg-sized swellings were present" ("Localized hypertrophy", 1970, p. 337).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

These conditions are not rare ("Localized hypertrophy", 1970, p. 339).

Localized hypertrophy of the semimembranosus muscle simulating popliteal cyst. (1970). Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 52, 337-339.

Article from an online database (1 author)

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

Generally speaking "the overall size of the biometrics industry remains relatively small" (Woodward, 1997, p. 1482).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Woodward (1997) finds that studies are well funded (p. 1482). 

With doi

Woodward, J. D. (1997). Biometrics: privacy's foe or privacy's friend? Proceedings of the IEEE, 85, 1480-1492. doi:10.1109/5.628723

Without doi

Woodward, J. D. (1997). Biometrics: privacy's foe or privacy's friend? Proceedings of the IEEE, 85, 1480-1492. Retrieved from http://0-ieeexplore.ieee.org.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/Xplore/dynhome.jsp

Article from an online database (2-5 authors)

In-text citations -  you are required to use 'and’ between the last two authors’ names
 
Reference List - you are required to list all names with a comma between each and then an “&” between the last two authors.
 
For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to Style Notes - Authors section of this guide.
 
For information on how and when to include issue and page numbers and DOI details please go to the Style Notes - Formats section of this guide.
 
For further information see page 184 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

This "avoids the presence of diverse peaks of the same protein" (Cueto-Rojasa, Pereza, Perez-Sancheza, Ocampo-Juareza, and Medina-Rivero, 2010, p. 1021).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Cueto-Rojasa, Pereza, Perez-Sancheza, Ocampo-Juareza, and Medina-Rivero, (2010) report a potential benefit (p. 1023).

With doi

Cueto-Rojasa, H. F., Pereza, N. O., Perez-Sancheza, G., Ocampo-Juareza I., & Medina-Rivero, E. (2010). Interferon-a 2b quantification in inclusion bodies using Reversed Phase-Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-UPLC). Journal of Chromatography B, 878, 1019-1023. doi:10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.02.016

Without doi

Cueto-Rojasa, H. F., Pereza, N. O., Perez-Sancheza, G., Ocampo-Juareza I., & Medina-Rivero, E. (2010). Interferon-a 2b quantification in inclusion bodies using Reversed Phase-Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-UPLC). Journal of Chromatography B, 878, 1019-1023. Retrieved from http://0-www.sciencedirect.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/science

Article from an online database (6-7 authors)

In-text citations -  For 6-7 authors you need to only write the surname of the first author followed by et al. (which means `and others').

Reference List - you are required to list all names with a comma between each and then an “&” between the last two authors.

For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to Style Notes - Authors section of this guide.

For information on how and when to include issue and page numbers and DOI details please go to the Style Notes - Formats section of this guide.

For further information see page 184 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

Parents smoking in their cars and in the family home “should be considered as intermediary factors in the pathway between parental and student smoking” (Glover et al., 2011)


Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Glover et al. (2011) report a decrease in numbers ...

With doi

Glover, M., Scragg, R., Min, S., Kira, A., Nosa, V., McCool, J., & Bullen, C. (2011) Driving kids to smoke? Children's reported exposure to smoke in cars and early smoking initiation. Addictive Behaviors, 36(11), 1027-1031. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.06.003

Without doi

Glover, M., Scragg, R., Min, S., Kira, A., Nosa, V., McCool, J., & Bullen, C. (2011) Driving kids to smoke? Children's reported exposure to smoke in cars and early smoking initiation. Addictive Behaviors, 36(11), 1027-1031. Retrieved from http://0-www.sciencedirect.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/science
 

Article from an online database (8 or more authors)

In-text citations - write the first surname followed by et al. (which means `and others').

Reference List - list the first six names of the authors, then 3 dots and then list the final authors name.

For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to Style Notes - Authors section of this guide.

For information on how and when to include issue and page numbers and DOI details please go to the Style Notes - Formats section of this guide.

For further information go to  the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

Bakris et al., (2010) found this applied to "15 patients (4%) in the darusentan treatment" (p.828).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

It was suggested that the packaging made a difference (Bakris et al, 2010, p. 829).

With doi

Bakris, G. L., Lindholm, L. H., Black, H. R., Krum, H., Linas, S., Linseman, J. V., ... Weber, M., (2010). Divergent results using clinic and ambulatory blood pressures: Report of a Darusentan-resistant hypertension trial. Hypertension, 56, 824-830. doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.110.156976

Without doi

Bakris, G. L., Lindholm, L. H., Black, H. R., Krum, H., Linas, S., Linseman, J. V., ... Weber, M., (2010). Divergent results using clinic and ambulatory blood pressures: Report of a Darusentan-resistant hypertension trial. Hypertension, 56, 824-830. Retrieved from http://0-www.ovid.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/site/index.jsp

Article from an online database (no author)
Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

She later "moved on to study at Radcliffe College" ("Award for distinguished", 2009, p. 642).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Leadership played a key role ("Award for distinguished", 2009, p. 643).

With doi

Award for distinguished scientific contributions: Alice H. Eagly. (2009). American Psychologist, 64, 642-658. doi:10.1037/a0017804

Without doi

Award for distinguished scientific contributions: Alice H. Eagly. (2009). American Psychologist, 64, 642-658. Retrieved from http://0-www.ovid.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/site/index.jsp

Article from the Internet

For information on how to cite articles with no identified author please go to the Style Notes - Formats section.

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

The program "is specifically focused on increasing the math and science content knowledge" (Merrill & Daugherty, 2010, p. 23).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Merrill and Daugherty (2010) find an increase in knowledge (p. 24).  

With doi

Merrill, C., & Daugherty, J. (2010). STEM education and leadership: A mathematics and science partnership approach. Journal of Technology Education, 21(2), 21-34. doi:10.1109/5.628723

Without doi

Merrill, C., & Daugherty, J. (2010). STEM education and leadership: A mathematics and science partnership approach. Journal of Technology Education, 21(2), 21-34. Retrieved from http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JTE/

Cochrane Review with DOI

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

A study found... (Milne, Potter, Vivanti, & Avenell, 2009, p. 6)

With doi

 

Milne, A. C., Potter, J., Vivanti, A., & Avenell, A. (2009). Protein and energy supplementation in elderly people at risk from malnutrition. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (2). doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003288.pub3