Same name for multiple authors
When citing the same surname for more than one author give their initials in text; e.g.,
Same surname and initials
If the initials are also the same give the authors full name in brackets e.g.
Use the table to determine the correct format depending on the number of authors.
Adapted from APA publication manual 6th edition p. 177
Authors in the reference list
Alphabetise by the author's surname:
Check the Formats section for citing works with no author.
When the author and the publisher are identical, use the word Author in the place of the publisher (e.g. Canberra, Australia: Author).
12-point type size (never use a larger point size for headings or on the title page)
Use Times or Times New Roman
2.54 cm at the top, bottom, left-hand, and right-hand sides of the page
Use one space after all punctuation.
Space twice after punctuation at end of sentence.
Rules for the use of indents:
Indent the first line of each paragraph (tab key)
These apply the hanging indent for the second and subsequent lines
Bailey, S. (2011). Academic writing: A handbook for international students (3rd ed.). Oxford, England: Routledge.
Justification of text
Only the left hand margin of the text needs to be justified.
The lines on the right hand margin should end unevenly.
Place of publication
Adapted from APA publication manual 6th edition p. 180