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University of Wollongong Australia

Referencing: World Wide Web

APA 6 - World Wide Web

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Format In-Text Reference Reference List

Blog post

If the author uses a screen name or nickname to post under this is used e.g. Data-Boy (2010)


Where page numbers are not provided give the paragraph number using the abbreviation para.


If headings are used cite the first few words of the heading and the number of the paragraph following to direct the reader e.g. (Regolith, 2010, "On the Earth" para 6).

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

Siegel (2010) states the "Earth also radiates the energy absorbed during the day back into space at night" (para. 11).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

The temperature is rising on Earth (Siegel, 2010).
Siegel, E. (2010, November 10). The Physics of Global Warming [Web log post]. Retrieved November 11, from http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2010/11/the_physics_of_global_warming.php

Blog post comment


If the author uses a screen name or nickname to post under this is used e.g. Data-Boy (2010)

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

Joe (2010) comments that the "Earth radiates absorbed energy back into space at all hours of the day, not just at night".

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

There is disagreement (Joe, 2010). 

 

Joe (2010, November 10). Re: The Physics of Global Warming [Web log comment]. Retrieved November 11, from http://scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/2010/11/the_physics_of_global_warming.php

 

Document on World Wide Web

If information is missing (e.g. author, date, title) check the table that appears on the APA Style Notes section of this guide

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

The criteria requires that they "have in the last two years taught undergraduate students" (Australian Council for Educational Research, 2010, p. 2).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

International students are reporting higher levels than domestic students (Australian Council for Educational Research, 2010, p. 39). 

 

Australian Council for Educational Research. (2010). Doing more for learning: Enhancing engagement and outcomes. Retrieved from http://ausse.acer.edu.au/images/docs/AUSSE_2009_Student_Engagement_Report.pdf

Social Media

See the APA style blog for the latest recommendation on citing social media sources.

 

 
 

 

Webpage

When citing an entire website reference the website in text only e.g. The Quality Improvement Agency website is a valuable resource (http://www.qia.org.uk/).


Where page numbers are not provided give the paragraph number using the abbreviation para.


If headings are used cite the first few words of the heading and the number of the paragraph following to direct the reader e.g. (Regolith, 2010, "On the Earth" para 6). 

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

Center for Bioethics (2009) notes that increasingly "American patients have been transformed into health care consumers" (para. 2).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

A forthcoming book will address these issues (Center for Bioethics, 2009, para. 3).
Center for Bioethics (2009). Ethics and Pharmaceutical Marketing. Retrieved November  19, 2010, from http://www.ahc.umn.edu/bioethics/research/pharm/home.html

Wiki

 

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

The "regolith is also an important source of construction material, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, lime, and gypsum" ("Regolith", 2010, "On the Earth" para. 6).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

The regolith is very important for most life ("Regolith", 2010).

 

Regolith (2010, October 6). Retrieved November 18, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regolith