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University of Wollongong Australia

Referencing and citing guide: Getting started

About this guide

This guide provides referencing examples to act as guidelines for the Author-Date (Harvard), AGLC, APA 6,  and Footnoting (Oxford) referencing styles used at UOW.

Check with your subject outline for information on which style you should use. If the information is unavailable, contact your lecturer and/or tutor for further guidance.

What is referencing?

At university you are expected to research widely and build your knowledge on the expertise of others.

Referencing acknowledges the sources used to develop your ideas, and may include words, images, video, audio, statistics, or websites.

Quality information strengthens your arguments and adds credibility.

Referencing enables you, and your readers, to locate your sources, avoid plagiarism and demonstrate academic integrity.

Why reference?

Referencing is the process of linking what you read with what you write.

It is important to reference all your sources:

  • To enable you or someone else to find the source of your information easily
  • To avoid plagiarism by acknowledging that you’ve used the ideas and work of others
  • To strengthen your arguments and add credibility by referring to expert ideas

Double quotation marks and Turnitin

If you use Turnitin, be sure to enclose all direct quotes in double quotation marks because Turnitin recognises only the text enclosed in double quotation marks as a direct quote.

More referencing styles

Chicago Murdoch University

IEEE style Murdoch University

MLA Purdue University

Oxford (footnoting) Deakin University

Performing Arts styles CQU University

Vancouver Griffith University