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University of Wollongong Australia

Referencing: Journals, Newspapers & Newspaper Articles

Author-Date (Harvard) - Journal, Newspapers & Newspaper Articles

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Format In-Text Reference Reference List

Journal articles

Capitalise all first letters of the main words in the Journal Title (not ‘and’ ‘of’ ‘in’ etc.).

The title of the article is in quotes.

The title of the journal is in italics.

 

  Author, initial(s) Year of publication, ‘Article title’, Journal Title, vol. (volume number), no. (issue number if any), p./pp. (page number/range).

Journal article with one author

 

 

Direct quote

Lee (2007, p. 157) draws on data collected from "..."

Paraphrasing

The ongoing need for remittances...(Lee 2007, p. 160)

 

Lee, H 2007, ‘Transforming transnationalism: second generation Tongans overseas’, Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 157-178.

Journal article with two or three authors

Cite the names of the authors in the order they appear on the title page of the article.

When the authors names are incorporated into your text, use ‘and’ instead of ‘&’.

If the names of the authors are in brackets use ‘&’ before the last author.

Direct quote

Carlin and Ford (2006, p. 79) claim that, "paying executives in the form of options...".

or

"A further noteworthy influence..." (Carlin & Ford 2006, p. 79).

Paraphrasing

The group of 100 joined the ASX and other associations... (Carlin & Ford 2006, p. 79).

 

Carlin, TY & Ford, G 2006, ‘A governance perspective on executive options plans - some Australian empirical evidence’, Australian Accounting Review, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 75-84.

Journal article with more than three authors

In-Text

List the name of the first author followed by et al. (meaning ‘and others’)

Reference list

List all authors. Do not use ‘et al.’
Enter the authors in the order they appear on the title page of the article.

Direct quote

Wattal et al. conclude that, "[p]olitics in the United States has come a long way..." (2010, p. 670).

or

"We believe information systems can provide insight into..." (Wattal et al. 2010, p. 670).

Paraphrasing

The candidates site "stickiness" is not determined by popularity (Wattal et al. 2010, p. 670).

 

Wattal, S, Schuff, D, Mandviwalla, M & Williams, CB 2010, ‘Web 2.0 and politics: the 2008 U.S. presidential election and an e-politics research agenda’, MIS Quarterly, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 669-688.

Journal article with no volume or issue number

An interesting approach to scam (Wychick & Thompson 2005) suggests that...

 

Wychick, J & Thompson, L 2005, ‘Fallen for a scam lately?’ Australia Today, 24 November, pp54-60.

Journal article with no author

Use the ‘title of the article’ in place of the author in-text

Put the ‘title of the article’ in single quotes

List the article alphabetically by its title in the reference list.

Direct quote

"During his campaign Obama..."(‘Restructuring USAID: time to match rhetoric with deeds’ 2010, p. 45)

Paraphrasing

In the article ‘Restructuring USAID: time to match rhetoric with deeds’ (2010, p. 45) the author laments...

 

‘Restructuring USAID: time to match rhetoric with deeds’ 2010, The Lancet, vol. 376, Iss. 9747, p. 1118.

Journal article retrieved from the Internet

Follow this example if the journal article is only available via the Internet.

Enclose the URL in the ‘greater than’ ‘less than’ symbols < >.

Put what journal details are available after the title. Volume and issue nos. may not always available.

If there is no author use the ‘title of the article’ in place of the author in-text.

 

Direct quote

Findings suggest that "[i]ntercultural communication skills... in ELT" (Xiao & Petraki 2007)

Paraphrasing

Xiao and Petraki (2007) establish in their study that...

Xiao, H & Petraki E 2007, ‘An Investigation of Chinese students’ difficulties in intercultural communication and its role in ELT’, Journal of Intercultural Communication, no. 13, viewed 27 November 2010, <http://www.immi.se/jicc/index.php/jicc/article/view/90/59>

Secondary sources

Where the work of one author is cited in another author’s work

 

For in-text citations:

Fong’s 1987 study (cited in Betram 1996, p. 9) found that memory ...

In the Reference List record only the journal you actually sourced i.e. Bertram reference.

Journal articles retrieved from a database

If an article is accessed using a library database e.g. Proquest or Expanded Academic, cite it the same as the print article.

Do not include the date viewed, database name or URL.

 

Direct quote

Carlin and Ford (2006, p. 79) observe that, "paying executives in the form of options...".

or

"A further noteworthy influence..." (Carlin & Ford, 2006, p. 79).

Paraphrasing

The group of 100 joined the ASX and other associations... (Carlin & Ford, 2006, p. 79).

 

Carlin, TY & Ford, G 2006, ‘A governance perspective on executive options plans - some Australian empirical evidence’, Australian Accounting Review, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 75-84.

Journal articles retrieved from a database (no author)

See entry for Journal article with no author

 

   

IN-TEXT REFERENCING

   

Newspaper articles

Newspaper title is in italics.

Leave out ‘The’ in the title. Use Australian or Sydney Morning Herald.

 

   

Newspaper article – with author/s

Newspaper headline is the article title in single quotes.

Include the date of issue (day month) of the newspaper after the title.

Include the page number of the article in the Reference list. Do not include page numbers in the in-text reference.

 

Direct quote

"In a break with tradition, the Prime Minister’s office supplied video footage of the visit taken…" (Crowe 2015).

Paraphrasing

Crowe (2015) compares inclusion of media teams to Tony Abbott’s visit to Baghdad with previous prime ministerial visits to Iraq and Afghanistan.

Crowe, D 2015, ‘ Anger as media left grounded’, Australian, 06 January, p. 4.

Newspaper article – with no author

If the author is not evident provide all the details in the in-text citation including the page nos.

Direct quote

"A British Ministry of Defence spokesman confirmed..." (Australian 12 November 2010, p. 14).

Paraphrasing

The report in the Australian (12 November 2010, p. 14) remarked that Breaker Morant...

 

Not required as all details are provided in-text

Newspaper article retrieved from a database

Reference a newspaper article from a database e.g. Factiva or ProQuest in exactly the same way as you would a newspaper article in print. There is no need to acknowledge which database the article came from.

 

 

See either the examples for Newspaper article with author or without author.

Online newspaper or newsletter article

Add the URL and date viewed for articles found on a Newspaper webpage.

Direct quote

"China, for instance, is targeting...over 15 years" (Gittens 2010).

Paraphrasing

Gittens (2010) accuses Australia of being behind other countries efforts to reduce carbon.

 

Gittins, R 2010, ‘Suits us to be deluded on climate,’ The Age, 17 November, viewed 6 December, <http://www.theage.com.au/environment/climate-change/suits-us-to-be-deluded-on-climate-20101117-17wyp.html>.