‘To engage productively with assessment tasks...’ (Kift & Moody 2009).
Kift and Moody (2009) observe that first year students require an induction to academic conventions to engage with assessment.
Kift, S M, & Moody, KE 2009, ‘Harnessing assessment and feedback in the first year to support learning success, engagement and retention’, in ATN Assessment Conference 2009 Proceedings, RMIT University, Melbourne, 19 – 20 November, viewed 8 November 2010, <http://emedia.rmit.edu.au/conferences/index.php/ATNAC/ATNAC09/paper/viewFile/96/15>.
If the conference paper is available online add the viewed date and URL after the place of publication. The title of the conference is put in italics.
"Students are more likely to persist and graduate in settings that hold..." (Tinto 2009).
Tinto (2009) identifies his four main conditions for student retention as...
Tinto, V 2009, ‘Taking the student retention seriously: rethinking the first year at university’, paper presented at the FYE Curriculum Design Symposium, Queensland University of Technology, 5-6 February, viewed 12 December 2010, <http://www.fyecd2009.qut.edu.au/resources/SPE_VincentTinto_5Feb09.pdf>
"Socialisation into roles is a major impetus behind inequality" (Wallace 2010).
It was pointed out in the week 2 lecture that kinship... (Lee 2010)
Wallace, P 2010, ‘Gender & sexuality’ PowerPoint slides, SOC1SAC, La Trobe University, viewed 19 January 2011.
Lee, H 2010, ‘Charting Kinship’, lecture, ANT2KAM, La Trobe University, delivered 5 August.
The graph Divorces granted: Australia 1988 – 2007 (ABS 2008) illustrates...
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2008, Divorces Australia 2007, cat. no. 3307.0.55.001, ABS, Canberra.
.......as portrayed in About Jenny Holzer (2011)
The scene, towards the end of the film, depicts... (Alien Underworld 2002)
Woody Allen in Annie Hall (1977) demonstrates the art of...
About Jenny Holzer 2011, DVD, Microcinema International, San Francisco, California.
Alien Underworld 2002, video recording, Tattooed Media and the Australian Film Finance Corporation, Australia, written & directed by Sonya Pemberton.
Annie Hall 1977, motion picture, MGM Home Entertainment, Santa Monica CA, directed by Woody Allen.
A recent Four Corners episode highlighted the difficulties of caring for disabled family members (Breaking Point 2010).
When interviewed on 7.30 Report (2015) the Treasurer said…
It could be argued that the financial situation at the time necessitated.... (What are we going to do with the money? 1997)
Breaking Point, Four Corners 2010, television program, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australia, February 15.
7.30 Report 2015, television program, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australia, 18 November.
What are we going to do with the money? 1997, television program, Special Broadcasting Service, Australia, 8 August
In the image above (Jorgensen 2010) you can see...
Kamuro (2008) illustrates ...
(Sculpture by the sea – Elephant 2009)
(Van Gogh 1890)
Jorgensen, L 2010, Lighthouse Freezes, image, ABC News, viewed 17 December 2010, <http://www.abc.net.au/news/photos/2010/12/17/3095885.htm>.
Kamuro (2008) Calmness, image, Flickr viewed 30 June 2010, <http://www.flickr.com/photos/kamuro/2624443012/in/poolysplix>.
Sculpture by the sea – Elephant 2009, image, photographed by A. Wain, Flickr, viewed 4 February 2014, <http://www.flickr.com/photos/alex wain/4091011517/>.
(Gaunt 1970, p. 17)
Gaunt, W. 1970, The impressionists, Thames & Hudson, London.
If you are citing an image from a printed source, reference the printed source as normal and use a page number in your in-text citation to indicate which page the image comes from.
"..." (New State for North Queensland Movement n.d.)
In the leaflet distributed by the New State for North Queensland Movement (n.d.) it is evident that...
New State for North Queensland Movement n.d., A New State for North Queensland : why ? how ? when?, pamphlet, New State for North Queensland Movement, Townsville.
(Google Earth 2008)
Google Earth 6.0 2008, Hylands House and estates 51°42’39.17"N, 0°26’11.30"W, elevation 60M, 3D Buildings data layer, viewed 31 August 2011 <http://www.google.com/earth/index.html>
Atlas (with editor):
.....the position of the new city is to be north of Melbourne (ed. Eales 2003, Map 36).
Atlas (without editor):
...the position of the new city is to be north of Melbourne (The Jacaranda Atlas 2003, Map 36).
Atlas (with editor):
Eales, S (ed.) 2003, The Jacaranda atlas, 3rd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Brisbane.
Atlas (without editor):
The Jacaranda atlas 2003, 3rd edn, John Wiley & Sons, Brisbane.
Motorways are indicated (Ordnance Survey 2006)…
Ordnance Survey 2006, Chester and North Wales, Landranger series, Sheet 106, 1:50000, Ordnance Survey, Southampton.
In a statement released to the media, "Labor’s laws were driving small businesses to the wall," Mr Baillieu said (2010).
Clearway changes were outlined in a release to the media (Baillieu 2010).
Bailieu, T (Premier, Minister for the Arts) 2010, Coalition delivers for small business with clearways changes, media release, 9 December, Premier of Victoria, viewed 15 December 2010, <http://www.premier.vic.gov.au/html/091210_001.html>.
To reference a print media release:
Watersmith, C. 2000, BHP enters new era, media release, 1 March, BHP limited, Melbourne.
The description, ‘media release’, is inserted after the title of the media release.
This was confirmed by email (Brown 2012, pers. comm., 3 July).
Shickle S (2008 pers. comm., 8 July) verified that...
Personal communications can take a number of forms and are not normally available for consultation except under special circumstances. For this reason they are not usually included in the reference list.
If a full citation is required, reference in the following way:
Brown, A 2012, email, 3 July.
Shickle, S 2008, email, 24 November.
References to plays and poetry are often more precise if given in terms of acts, scenes, lines, verses, and so on.
The character Nora eats macaroons (Ibsen 1995, act 1, scene 1).
Ibsen, H 1995, A doll's house, trans. K McLeish, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
The latter is required because archival material in most cases consists of unique, unpublished records which are available in only one place (unlike books or other published material held at more than one library).
In a bibliography you should provide the full citation details for each archival record/collection you refer to in your essay etc. For example:
Wollongong University Archives: Francis McCaffrey; D92, Francis McCaffrey Collection, 1865-1932; D92/5, Notebooks.
If you refer to the same citation more than once in your essay etc. you may abbreviate the citation the second time rather than write it again in full.
The abbreviation for the University of Wollongong Archives is NWUA (the N denotes 'New South Wales'), so the abbreviation for the above citation would be:
NWUA: McCaffrey; D92/5, Notebooks.
See the examples given in the following guides:
(Australian Bureau of Statistics 2009)
For subsequent use, you can abbreviate (ABS 2009)
Net sales in Australia for the year ending 2009 were $4,404,000.00 (Coca-Cola Amatil Ltd: Company Factfile 2010)
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2009, Education and work, Australia, May 2009, cat. no. 6227.0, ABS, Canberra, viewed 24 November 2009, <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6227.0?OpenDocument>.
Coca-Cola Amatil Ltd: Company Factfile 2010, Euromonitor Global Market Information Database, viewed 20 March 2010, <http://0-www.portal.euromonitor.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/Portal/ResultsList.aspx>.
If using statistics from a database, the title of the database is in italics.
A model predictive control strategy was developed to optimise the selection of the optimal sequence of operating modes (Fiorentini 2016, p. 218)
Fiorentini (2016, p. 218) developed a model predictive control strategy…
Fiorentini, M 2016, ‘Hybrid model predictive control of residential heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems with on-site energy generation and storage ‘, PhD thesis, Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences, University of Wollongong.