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University of Wollongong Australia

Referencing: Online sources

In-text reference

Direct quote

"The whole idea of a conspiracy is that it takes two or more people conspiring" (Henderson 2010). ...as Henderson questions, "[t]he whole idea of a conspiracy..." (2010).

Paraphrasing

Henderson’s weblog post (2010) covers how the meaning of the word conspiracy has changed to mean self-dealing.

Reference list

Henderson, D 2010, Has the word ‘conspiracy’ lost its meaning?, Library of Economics and Liberty, weblog post, 13 December, viewed 21 December 2010, <http://econlog.econlib.org/archives/2010/12/has_the_word_co.html>

Notes
  • If no proper name is given, the author’s username may be used instead.

  • If the author puts multiple posts up on the same day, include the time the entry was posted.- e.g. 12 November 13:53.

  • If you are referencing a comment from a weblog, use the name of the commenter instead of the author of the weblog post and use ‘weblog comment’ instead of ‘web log post’ for format. Include the exact title (Including ‘Re:’ if used).

  • If you are using the whole blog and not an individual post, do not include the Blog Post Title and change the format to weblog.

In-text reference

Direct quote

"Following the intensification of the GFC...weaken markedly" (Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2010, p. 5).

Paraphrasing

The Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (2010) found that more Australian youth are unable to find work in 2010 than in 2008.     

Reference list

Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2010, Issues Paper Youth Employment, Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, viewed 15 December 2010, <http://www.acci.asn.au/text_files/issues_papers/2010/Youth%20Employment%20Paper%20May%202010_final.pdf>.

Notes
  • If there is no author begin the reference with the title of the document.

  • Include page numbers in-text if it is a long document.

  • Use n.d. if there is no date.

In-text reference

Direct quote

...."while the octopus was carrying the coconut, it was actually of no benefit to it", Julian Finn and Mark Norman explain on the La Trobe University Podcast (2010).

Paraphrasing

This podcast show is about who owns the fish and the ocean (Finn & Norman 2010).

Reference list

Finn, J & Norman, M 2010, Have coconut, will travel, vodcast, 23 April, La Trobe University, viewed 10 January 2011, <http://www.latrobe.edu.au/news/videos/octopus-coconut>.    

Notes
  • If the podcast has no recognisable author, start with the title and put the year after the title and then use the title in the in-text referencing.
In-text reference

Direct quote

The BP Parody account created on Twitter, notes "[c]atastrophe is a strong word, let’s all agree to call it a whoopsie daisy" (BP Public Relations 2010).

Paraphrasing

The Office of The Prime Minister (2010) updated their Julia Gillard Facebook page on 13 Jan, with...

Reference list

The Gateway Review Process 2010, Department of Finance and Deregulation, viewed 10 December 2010, <http://www.finance.gov.au/gateway/index.html>.

Notes
  • Before using a reference from Twitter or Facebook make sure it is appropriate for academic work.

  • If no proper name is given, use the username.

  • As tweets and status updates do not have titles, use the first few words of the message as a title.

In-text reference

Direct quote

"Googling is great and everybody does it but not for university assignments" (LTULibrary 2010).

Paraphrasing

This video shows why you shouldn’t just use Google when researching for university assignments (LTULibrary 2010).

The CSIRO YouTube video (2009) reveals ...

Reference list

LTULibrary 2010, Why can’t I just google?, online video, 9 February, La Trobe University, viewed 20 January 2011, <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bp-ZGFd5o5A>.

CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) 2009, Making a difference, online video, 25 May, CSIRO, Viewed December 9, 2010, <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_1mip1iS70>.

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