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University of Wollongong Australia

UOW Shoalhaven: Referencing guide

Mundamia, NSW

Why reference?

Referencing links what you read with what you write. At university you are expected to research widely and build your knowledge from the expertise of others.

It is important to reference all your sources:

  • to easily enable you or someone else to find the source of your information
  • to avoid plagiarism by acknowledging that you’ve used the ideas and work of others
  • to strengthen your arguments and add credibility by referring to expert ideas

What is referencing?

Referencing is the way you acknowledge the sources you have used to develop your ideas. Sources may include words from published text, images, video, audio, statistics or websites.

Quality information strengthens your arguments and adds credibility to your work.

Referencing enables you and your readers to locate your sources, avoid plagiarism and demonstrate academic integrity.


Important for Turnitin users

If you use Turnitin, be sure to enclose all direct quotes in double quotation marks because Turnitin recognises only the text enclosed in double quotation marks as a direct quote.

More referencing styles

Chicago Murdoch University

IEEE style Murdoch University

MLA Purdue University

Performing Arts styles CQU University

Vancouver Griffith University

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