The term 'archives' can also be used to describe a location where archival material is kept and the organisation responsible for collecting archival material (such as UOW Archives.)
For a more detailed explanation of primary and secondary sources see the Historical Primary Sources guide.
See our Referencing guide for information about citing published primary sources.
Whenever you cite archival material you should provide two essential pieces of information: a description of the item AND details of where it is located.
The latter is required because archival material in most cases consists of unique, unpublished records which are available in only one place (unlike books or other published material held at more than one library).
A typical archival citation should include the following details:
If you are referring to a specific item or range of items within that record series you should also include the:
In a bibliography you should provide the full citation details for each archival record/collection you refer to in your essay etc.
Wollongong University Archives: Francis McCaffrey; D92, Francis McCaffrey Collection, 1865-1932; D92/5, Notebooks.
If you refer to the same citation more than once in your essay etc. you may abbreviate the citation the second time rather than write it again in full.
The abbreviation for the University of Wollongong Archives is NWUA (the N denotes 'New South Wales'), so the abbreviation for the above citation would be:
NWUA: McCaffrey; D92/5, Notebooks.
See the examples given in the following guides: