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University of Wollongong Australia

Referencing

Journals | APA7

Article with a DOI

In-text citation

For details explaining in-text citations, refer to section titled 'In-text citation information'

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

"Apparent space and time vary in essentially the same manner when the spatial and temporal stimulus conditions are equivalent" (Day, 2006, p. 123).

 

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Day (2006) summarised the key facts on illusory phenomena as..

 

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

 

Template

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, vol(issue), p–p. http://doi.org/xxxx

Day, R. (2006). Two principles of perception revealed by geometrical illusions. Australian Journal of Psychology, 58(3), 123–128. https://doi.org/10.1080/00049530601087504

Notes:

  • For one or two authors, list all authors in each in-text citation. 
  • For three or more authors, use the first author’s name and et al. in all in-text citations eg for a work authored by Carpenter, Dearlove and Marland in 2015, cite in-text as: Carpenter et al., 2015. List all three names in the reference list.

Article without a DOI, with a non-database URL

In-text citation

For details explaining in-text citations, refer to section titled 'In-text citation information'

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

Dearlove et al. (2007) point out that “The experience of mentoring and of being mentored develops a sense of collegiality among students who consequently feel more positive about their learning” (p. 5).

 

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Multiple variations peer mentoring are possible (Dearlove et al., 2007, p. 6).

 

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

 

Template:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, vol(issue), p–p. http://xxxx.

Dearlove, J., Farrell, H., Handa, N. & Pastore, C. (2007). The evolution of peer mentoring at the University of Western Sydney. Journal of the Australia and New Zealand Student Services Association, 29, 21–35. https://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1353&context=asdpapers

Notes:

  • For one or two authors, list all authors in each in-text citation. 
  • For three or more authors, use the first author’s name and et al. in all in-text citations List all three names in the reference list.

Article without a DOI, from an academic database or in print

In-text citation

For details explaining in-text citations, refer to section titled 'In-text citation information'

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

“Japan’s strike on Pearl Harbour was not as voluntary as it might at first seem.” (Marland, 1991, p. 28).

 

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Marland (1991) discusses the multiple factors that influenced Japan’s decision to strike pre-emptively on Pearl Harbour.

 

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

Template

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, vol(issue), p–p.

Marland, J. (1991). Pearl Harbour revisited. The History Teacher, 29(3), 27–30.

Notes:

  • Do not include the academic database name or the URL.

Article with a DOI with 21 or more authors

In-text citation

For details explaining in-text citations, refer to section titled 'In-text citation information'

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

"No single cellular system has all of its genes understood in terms of their biological roles” (Gibson et al., 2010, p. 52).

 

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Gibson et al. (2010) created a fully synthetic minimal bacterial genome.

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled Reference list information

Template

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., Author, E. E., Author, F. F., Author, G. G., Author, H. H., Author, I. I., Author, J. J., Author,  K.  K., Author, L. L., Author, M. M., Author, N. N., Author, O. O., Author, P. P., Author, Q. Q. Author, R. R., Author, S. S., … Author, T. T., (year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, vol(issue), p–p. http://doi.org/xxxx

Gibson, D. G., Glass, J. I., Lartigue, L., Noskov, V. N., Chuang, R., Algire, M. A., Benders, G. A., Montague, M. G., Ma, L., Moodie, M. M., Merryman, C., Vashee, S., Krishnakumar, R., Assad-Garcia, N., Andrews-Pfannkock, C., Denisova, E. A., Young, L., Qi, Z., Segall-Shapiro, T. H., … Venter, J. C. (2010). Creation of a bacterial cell controlled by a chemically synthesized genome. Science, 329(5987), 52–56. http://doi.org/10.1126/science.1190719

Notes:

  • For up to and including 20 authors, list all the authors in the reference list entry. For 21 or more authors, List the first 19 authors in the reference list entry, followed by  …  then the final author.
  • Use the first author’s name followed by et al. in the in-text citations

Article, advanced online publication

In-text citation

For details explaining in-text citations, refer to section titled In-text citation information

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

As Javed (2019) states, “In the Pakistani university context, some social adaptation problems experienced by university entrants  are  of  a  different  nature  compared with   those   in   the   Western   countries.” (p. 3).

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Javed (2019, p. 3) points to academic, social and linguistic areas of adaptation.

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled Reference list information

Template

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal. Advance online publication. http://doi.org/xxxx OR https://xxx.

Javed, F. (2019). Adaptation challenges faced by Pakistani university entrants. Student Success. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.5204/ssj.vlli3.1164

Article from Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

In-text citation

For details explaining in-text citations, refer to section titled 'In-text citation information'

 

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)

 “During an episode of anaphylaxis, some 80% to 90% of individuals experience flushing, itching, hives, angioedema, or other skin or mucosal symptoms; up to 70% have stridor, dysphonia, cough, chest tightness, shortness of breath, wheezing, or other respiratory symptoms; and up to 45% have vomiting, diarrhoea, or cramplike abdominal pain.” (Choo et al., 2012, p. 4).

 

Paraphrasing (use of page number/s encouraged)

Glucocorticoids are an increasingly common treatment for anaphylaxis (Choo et al., 2012, p. 4).

 

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

 

Template

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of the article. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://doi.org/xxxx

 

Choo,  K. J. L., Simons,  F. E. R., & Sheikh,  A. (2012). Glucocorticoids for the treatment of anaphylaxis.

            Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD007596.pub3.

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