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University of Wollongong Australia

Referencing

Online sources | APA7

Social media

In-text citations

For details explaining in-text citations, refer to section titled 'In-text citation information'

 

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

 

Twitter

Template

Author, A. A. [@username]. (year, month day). Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Description

            of audiovisuals]. Site Name. https://xxx

 

Thunberg, G. [@GretaThunberg]. (2019, September 20). Over 4 million on #ClimateStrike today. In

            163 countries. And counting … If you belong to the small number of people [Photograph of a public rally]

            [Tweet]. https://twitter.com/GretaThunberg/status/1175198609660399617

 

Twitter profile

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

Template

Author, A. A. [@username]. (year, month day). Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Description of content].

            Site Name. Retrieved Month day, year, from https://xxx

 

Thunberg, G. [@GretaThunberg]. (n.d.). Tweets [Twitter profile]. Twitter. Retrieved December 16, 2019,

            from  https://twitter.com/gretathunberg?lang=eng  

 

Notes:

  • Provide a retrieval date for the profile.
  • If a different tab is used in the profile, for example, ‘Moments’, substitute this tab for ‘Tweets’

 

Facebook or other online forum post

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

 

Template

Author, A. A. [@username]. (year, month day). Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Description of

            audiovisuals OR Online forum post]. Site Name. Retrieved Month day, year, from https://xxx.

 

Thunberg, G. [@GretaThunberg]. (n.d.). Tweets [Twitter profile]. Twitter. Retrieved December 16, 2019,

            from  https://twitter.com/gretathunberg?lang=eng.

 

Notes:

  • This format can be used for  other posts, eg LinkedIn
  • Replicate emojis if possible

 

Facebook page

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

 

Template

Author, A. A. [@username]. (year, month day). Title of the page [Facebook page]. Site Name.

            Retrieved Month day, year, from https://xxxx.

 

Association for Academic Language and Learning. (n.d.). Home [Facebook page]. Facebook. Retrieved

            December 16, 2019, from https://m.facebook.com/groups/436721649836481?group_view_referrer=profile_browser

 

Notes:

  • Use the page title in the reference (eg Photos, Timeline)
  • This format can be used for other platforms, eg LinkedIn
  • Refer to Chapter 10 section 105 of the APA 7th edition Publication Manual for further details

 

Instagram photo or video

Reference List

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

University of Wollongong [@uow]. (2019, December, 19). Hundreds of students have celebrated the end of their

            studies this week as we have held  our summer graduation ceremonies. [Photographs]. Instagram. 

            https://www.instagram.com/p/B6O8DcJBYj_

 

Notes:

Refer to section 10.15 of the APA 7th edition Publication Manual for further details.

Webpage on a news website

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

 

Template

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year, month day). Title of the page. Site name. https://xxxxx

La Monica, P.R. (2019, December 16). 5G is coming. Here's one way to invest in the

            telecom boom. CNN. https://edition.cnn.com/2019/12/16/investing/5g-etf/index.html

 

Webpage on a website

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

 

Template

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year, month day [as provided]). Title of the page. Site name

            [if different to the author]. https://xxxxx

NSW Government Health. (2015). Infectious diseases. https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/

            Infectious/Pages/default.aspx

 

Notes:

  • Include the year, month and date or as many as are provided in the reference list
  • When the author and site name are the same, omit the site name from the reference list

 

Webpage on a website with a retrieval date

Reference list

For details explaining the construction of a reference list, refer to section titled 'Reference list information'

 

Template

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year, month day [as provided]). Title of the page. Site name [if different to the author].

            Retrieved Month, day, year, from https://xxxxx

 Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2015). Census. Retrieved December 17,

            2019, from https://www.abs.gov.au/census

 

Notes:

  • Include the year, month and date or as many as are provided in the reference list
  • When the author and site name are the same, omit the site name from the reference list
  • Include a retrieval date when the contents of the page are designed to change and the page is not archived.
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