'When phylogeneticists assess species relationships, they analyse the similarities of traits among species and present the results as species arranged on a phylogenetic tree' (Ryan, 2005, p. 296)
A study by Ryan (2005) argues that...
Ryan, M. J. (2005). Evolution of behaviour. In J. Bolhuis & L. Giraldeau (Eds.), The behaviour of animals (pp. 294-314). Oxford, England: Blackwell.
(Kennedy & Richards, 2009) or Kennedy and Richards (2009)
Example for the whole compilation textbook:
Interprofessional practice in health and human services. (2009). Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press.
Example of a single chapter from a compilation textbook:
Kennedy, R. & Richards, J. (2009). Managing Information. In Interprofessional practice in Health and Human Services HLT1IPB (pp. 130-152). Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press. (Reprinted from Integrating Human Service Law & Practice, (2nd ed.), pp. 79-101, by R. Kennedy & J. Richards, 2007, Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press).
This works as a "single fabric element" (Stallings, 2007, p. 502).
Stallings (2007) notes that managers must understand the technologies on the market (p. 21).
Stallings, W. (2007). Data and computer communications (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Children with ADHD "can struggle to sit still even when eating" (Le Messurier, 2010, p. 60).
Le Messurier (2010) finds the demands on teachers are increasing (p.104).
Gregoriou, G. N. (Ed.). (2006) Advances in risk management [Palgrave Connect version]. doi:10.1057/9780230625846
Le Messurier, M. (2010) Teaching tough kids: Simple and proven strategies for student success [MyiLibrary version]. Retrieved from http://0-lib.myilibrary.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/home.aspx
Boag argues that... (2008, p. 45).
Boag (2008) clearly argues that ...
Boag, S. (Ed.). (2008). Personality down under: Perspectives from Australia. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.
"DNA profiling was initially dominated by human forensic applications" (Hamilton and Sadowsky, 2010, p. 1).
Hamilton and Sadowsky (2010, p.5) find that many fish with AFLP markers were present.
Hamilton, M. J. and Sadowsky, M. J. (2010). DNA Profiling in Ecology. In R.Jansson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. doi10.1002/9780470015902.a0005454.pub2
"Humans did not invent the principles and laws of physics" (Krebs, 2008, p. xxvii).
Krebs (2008) notes that the Universe is complex by nature (p. xxxiii).
Krebs, R. E. (Ed.). (2008). Encyclopedia of scientific principles, laws, and theories. (Vol. 1). London, England: Greenwood Press.
It was found that "individuals can discriminate between members of their own and a closely related sympatric species on the basis of song and beak morphology" (Grant & Grant, 2008, p. 78).
Grant and Grant (2008) studied the behaviour of finches on Daphne Major and found that in many cases misimprinted birds mated and hybridised (pp. 95-96).
Grant, P. R., & Grant, B. R. (2008). How and why species multiply: The radiation of Darwin’s finches. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Eysenck has argued that... (2009, p. 23)
A detailed study (Eysenck, 2006, p. 48) has indicated that...
Eysenck, M. W. (2006). Fundamentals of cognition. Hove, England: Psychology Press.
Eysenck, M. W. (2009). Fundamentals of psychology. London, England: Psychology Press.
Elkind (2007a) states that "stress impairs children's ability to learn and teachers' ability to teach" (p. 16).
Elkind, D. (2007a). The hurried child: Growing up too fast too soon. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Lifelong.
Elkind, D. (2007b). The power of play: How spontaneous, imaginative activities lead to happier, healthier children. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Lifelong.
The Life of Insects (1979) finds "ant behaviour patterns assist with changes" (p. 23).
Temperature has a major effect on insect control (The Life of Insects, 1979, p. 42).
The Life of insects. (1979). Morristown, NJ: Silver Burdett Co.
Benesch (2001) stated that English for academic purposes (EAP) was "more rhetorical in focus" (p. 6).
Benesch (2001) describes the function of the rhetorical-grammatical process chart (pp. 6-7).
Benesch, S. (2001). Critical English for academic purposes: Theory, politics, and practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
For an unpublished thesis or dissertation:
Venn, S. E. (2007). Plant recruitment across alpine summits in south-eastern Australia (Unpublished doctoral thesis). La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
Thesis from an institutional repository or a website:
For a thesis available from a database service i.e. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses:
LaPlace, P. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York: Dover. (Original work published 1814).