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Here are some examples of tools you can use to develop and report on your systematic review:
PROSPERO is an international register for prospective systematic literature reviews.
It includes protocol details for systematic reviews relevant to:
Protocols can include any type of any study design where there is a health-related outcome.
PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses.
Use a framework like PICO when developing a good clinical research question:
|Patient or problem||Intervention||Comparison Intervention||Outcome|
|Describe the patient or group of patients of interest as accurately as possible||What is the main intervention or therapy you'll consider?||Is there an alternative treatment to compare?||What is the clinical outcome?|
The SPIDER question format was adapted from the PICO tool to search for qualitative and mixed-methods research. Questions based on this format identify the following concepts:
Example: What are young parents’ experiences of attending antenatal education?
|P of I||antenatal education|
|D||questionnaire, survey, interview, focus group, case study, or observational study
|R||qualitative or mixed method|
Search for (S AND P of I AND (D OR E) AND R) (Cooke, Smith, & Booth, 2012).