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Referencing & Citing

Why do we reference?

Referencing links what you read with what you write.

At university you're expected to research widely and build your knowledge from the expertise of others.

It's important to reference all your sources:        

  • to allow you or someone else to find the source of your information
  • to avoid plagiarism by acknowledging that you’ve used the ideas and work of others
  • to strengthen your arguments and add credibility by referring to expert ideas

Video Transcript

What is referencing?

  • Referencing is the way you acknowledge the sources you have used to develop your ideas.
  • Sources may include words from published text, images, video, audio, statistics or websites.
  • Quality information strengthens your arguments and adds credibility to your work.
  • Referencing enables you and your readers to locate your sources, avoid plagiarism and demonstrate academic integrity.

Finding resources from a reference

This tutorial explains how you can use a reference to locate a resource, such as a book or journal article.

Understanding referencing patterns

There are different referencing styles, and each has its own guide. Always check your Subject Outline for the style you need to use.

This tutorial explains how a reference is made up of different parts depending on the type of resource it is.

Important information for Turnitin users

If you use Turnitin, be sure to enclose all direct quotes in "double quotation marks" because Turnitin recognises only the text enclosed in double quotation marks as a direct quote.

More referencing styles