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University of Wollongong Australia

Referencing

Other sources | AGLC4

Research papers, discussion papers, working papers, theses, dissertations, conference papers and similar.

Footnotes

Rule
      Author, 'Title' (Document type/series No Document Number, Institution/Forum, Full Date) Pinpoint.

     Matthew H Kramer, 'The Illusion of Neutrality: Abortion and the Foundations of Justice' (Research Paper No 9/2017, Faculty of Law, University  of Cambridge, January 2017).

    Paul Memmott and Peter Blackwood, 'Holding Title and Managing Land in Cape York" Two Case Studies' (Research Discussion Paper No 21,  

    Native Title Research Unit, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, 2008) 37.

 

Notes

See Rules 7.2.1 and 7.2.4  in the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th Edition.

The details which must be included in the footnote are:

  • Author(s) - Give the first name(s) and family name(s) if known, then comma. If first name(s) not known, use initials.
  • Title of the paper - Put in single quotation marks.
  • Conference Paper, Name of Conference, full date - Put in round brackets. The geographical location of the conference should not be included unless if forms part of the conference name. Do not include ordinal numbers (eg 'Ist', '5th').
  • Pinpoint
  • Web address - if the paper is available online.

Speeches

Footnotes

Rule
      Author, 'Title' (Speech, Institution/Forum, Full Date) Pinpoint.

     Justice Dyson Heydon, 'Threats to Judicial Independence: The Enemy Within' (Speech, Inner Temple, 23 January 2012).

 

Notes

See Section 7.3  in the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th Edition for further details.

Where a speech has been cited in a journal or book., it should be cited as for a journal or a book citation.

Parliamentary debates

Footnotes

Rule
      Jurisdiction, Parliamentary Debates, Chamber, Full Date of Debate, Pinpoint (Name of Speaker)

     Victoria, Parliamentary Debates, Legislative Council, 14 December 2017, 6854.

 

Written submissions to government agencies and parliamentary inquiries, committees and agencies

Footnotes

Rule
      Author, Submission No Number to Body, Name of Inquiry (Full Date) Pinpoint.

     Mobil Oil Australia, Submission No 25 to Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, Inquiry into the Price of Unleaded Petrol (27 July 2007) 6-7.

NOTE

Where the author's name is subject to suppression or otherwise anonymous, no author should be included, unless otherwise identified (eg a code name).

For submission to parliamentary committees or inquiries, 'Body' should be replaced with: Committee, Legislature

For further details, please refer to section 7.5.2 of the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th edition.

 

Evidence to parliamentary committee

Footnotes

Rule
     Evidence to Committee, Legislature, Location, Full Date, Pinpoint (Name of Speaker). 

     Evidence to House Standing Committee on Tax and Revenue, Parliament of Australia, Canberra, 30 November 2016, 2 (Peter Strong).

NOTE

The position of the person giving evidence may be included after their name where it is relevant.

For further details, please refer to section 7.5.2 of the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th edition.

 

Australian constitutional convention debates

Footnotes

Rule
     Title, Location, Full Date, Pinpoint (Name of Speaker). 

     Official Record of the Debates of the Australasian Federal Convention, Sydney, 2 September 1897, 19 (Edmund Barton).

NOTE

First and last names of speakers should be included.

All titles (such as Dr Mrs etc) should be omitted except for 'Sir' and 'Dame' and peerage titles.

See section 7.5.3 of the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th edition for further details.

Legal encyclopedias

Footnotes

Rule for hard copies
Publisher, Title of Encyclopedia, vol Volume Number (at Full Date) Title number Name of Title, 'Chapter Number Name of Chapter' [Paragraph].

LexisNexis, Halsbury's Laws of Australia, vol 15 (at 25 May 2009) 235 Insurance, '2 General Principles' [235-270].

 

Rule for online copies
Publisher, Title of Encyclopedia (online at Date of Retrieval) Title Number Name of Title, 'Chapter Number Name of Chapter' [Paragraph].

Westlaw AU, The Laws of Australia (online at 15 February 2018) 2 Administrative Law, '2.3 Access to Information' [2.3.10].

 

Notes

See Section 7.7  in the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th Edition for further details.

Looseleaf services

Looseleaf services are also referred to as legal commentaries. They provide a comprehensive summary of a particular area of law and can include relevant legislation and cases, interpretations and commentaries.

Footnotes

Rule

Hard copy

     Publisher, Title, vol Volume Number (at Most Recent Service Number for Pinpoint or Full Date) Pinpoint.

 Neil J Williams, LexisNexis Butterworths, Civil Procedure: Victoria, vol 1 (at Service 299) [21.01.1].   

Online copy

     Publisher, Title, (online at Date of Retrieval) Pinpoint.

JW Carter, LexisNexis, Carter on Contract (online at 20 February 2018) [04-001].

Notes

See Section 7.8  in the Australian Guide to Legal Citation 4th edition for further details.

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