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APA7 Guide

In text citation



            (Artist, Year)


            Artist (Year)


Van Gogh’s (1889) The Starry Night evokes feelings of melancholy and wonder.

Da Vinci’s (ca. 1503-1519) Mona Lisa was subject to a process of slight alterations by da Vinci.

Reference list


Creator. (Year). Title in italics [Description]. Site or Institution Name, Location. https://xxxxx


van Gogh, V. (1889). The Starry Night [Painting]. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, United States.

da Vinci, L. (c. 1503-1519). Mona Lisa [Painting]. The Louvre, Paris, France.

  • NOTE: in the second example, the exact date of creation is unknown. This is often a feature of older sources. In these cases, use the abbreviation ‘c.’ – short for ‘circa’ – to indicate the best known date range for the source’s creation.