Authors are sometimes not identified or they are given as 'Anonymous'.
- When the author is given as 'Anonymous', Anonymous takes the place of the author's name in the in-text citation and in the reference list.
- When the author is not identified at all, include the title and the year of publication in the in-text citation.
- If the title is long, shorten it for the in-text citation. If the title is italicised in the reference list, italicise it in the in-text citation.
The book titled ‘Empireland: How imperialism has shaped modern Britain’ could be shortened to simply ‘Empireland’.
If the title is not italicised in the reference list, use quotation marks in the in-text citation.
("Interpersonal Skills," 2020)