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APA7 Guide

In text citation

When citing a book with multiple editions, you need to state the edition number you are using after the title.

  • Remember that not all books have a DOI.
  • DOIs can be searched for on



            (Author, Year)


            Author, (Year)

For example:

Rolfe et al. (2011) describe a number of supervisory frameworks that are goal-oriented.

Hawking’s book, A Brief History of Time (1996), has endured to become one of the most influential popular science books of all time.

Direct quote (page number/s must be included)


            (Author, Year, p./pp. Page number/s)


            Author, (Year, p./pp. Page number/s)

For example:

According to Rolfe et al. (2011, p. 57) when “setting up clinical supervision, it is essential that the boundaries of the supervisory relationship are established”.

“Most people would find the picture of our universe as an infinite tower of tortoises rather ridiculous” (Hawking, 1996, p. 14).

Reference list


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of book (2nd ed.). Publisher Name. OR http://xxxx


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter. In E. E. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (2nd ed., pp. x–xx). Publisher name.

For example:

Subsequent edition without a DOI:

Rolfe, G., Jasper, M., & Freshwater, D. (2011). Critical reflection in practice: Generating knowledge for care (2nd ed.). Palgrave Macmillan.

Subsequent edition with a DOI:

Smith, M. (2014). Principles of pharmaceutical marketing (3rd ed.). Routledge.

Referencing a chapter in a subsequent edition of an edited book:

Peräkylä, A. (2005). Analyzing talk and text. In N. K. Denzin, & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), SAGE handbook of qualitative research (3rd ed., pp. 869886). SAGE.