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(Author’s last name Year of publication)


Findings suggest that "[i]ntercultural communication skills are essential in ELT" (Xiao & Petraki 2007).

Xiao and Petraki (2007) note that the teaching of intercultural communication skills to learners of English is critical.

Reference list

  • Put the journal details that are available after the title. Volume and issue numbers may not always be available.
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Author’s last name, Author’s initials Year of publication, ‘Article title’, Journal name, vol. (volume number), no. (issue number), viewed date (day month year), <URL> or DOI.


Xiao, H & Petraki E 2007, ‘An Investigation of Chinese students’ difficulties in intercultural communication and its role in ELT’, Journal of Intercultural Communication, no. 13, viewed 27 November 2010, <>.